20 Most Frequently Asked Questions About Chalk Painting
FREQUENTLY ASKED CHALK PAINTING QUESTIONS | CHALK/MINERAL PAINT FAQ | WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT CHALK PAINTING
I began using chalk paint* to refinish furniture over eight years ago. At the time, there was little information available about how to do it all, so much of my learning has been trial and error (often times a little heavy the the “error!”)
*Note: The term "chalk paint" is a registered trademark by Annie Sloan, but there are many brands of pre-mixed chalk/mineral paint on the market that have the same features and benefits of the trademarked version.
I’ve been chalk painting and using BB Frösch Paint Transformer for so long, that I forget not everyone knows about the magic! Every day I get so many questions that I figured it’s time for an all-inclusive FAQ post with the top 20 most asked questions about chalk painting furniture.
project by @justpaintitbydani
1. What is Chalk Paint? What is BB Frösch?
"Chalk" paint is NOT the same thing as chalkboardpaint! It is a special type of paint that bonds to virtually all surfaces (wood, metal, laminate, fabric, tile, linoleum, and more!) with limited prep work—i.e. no sanding, stripping and priming is necessary. For purpose of clarity, I will use "chalk/mineral" throughout this post when referring to this special kind of paint.
BB Frösch Paint Transformer is the affordable and premium alternative to pre-mixed chalk/mineral paint. It is an all-natural mineral powder that transforms ordinary paint into rich and creamy paint with all the benefits of pre-mixed chalk/mineral paint and more—at a fraction of the cost. With BB Frösch, you get ANY color you want, and because you mix only what you need, there’s no waste!
2. What are VOCs?
VOCs (volatile organic compounds) are the chemicals that can be released into the air as paint cures. BB Frösch is completely VOC-free. Simply add BB Frösch to any brand/color of VOC-free paint for a safe painting experience (even indoors!)
3. I don’t like shabby chic, matte or “chalky” finishes. So, why would I use chalk paint?
One of the biggest misconceptions about chalk and mineral paints is that it only creates a chalky finish or that it is only used for antiques and “shabby chic” or farmhouse looks. Although BB Frösch gives paint the features of pre-mixed chalk paint if that’s what you’re after, it does so much more! It literally transforms any ordinary paint so that it not only bonds with all kinds of surfaces, it becomes manipulatable. That means you can distress if you want. You can even make your paint act like a stain (I call it faux stain.) If you like smooth and modern or high gloss, simply add BB Frösch to paint with a sheen or seal with a high gloss sealer.
4. How do you make your own chalk/mineral paint with BB Frösch?
5. What kind/brand of paint should I use?
One of the best things about BB Frösch is that it can be used with ANY BRAND of latex or acrylic paint. If you want the features of pre-mixed chalk paint, the key is flat finish. If your paint has primer in it, that’s okay—you will still get all the great properties of chalk paint, it will just thicken a little more when stored.
Behr is a great brand for convenience because it is readily available in sample 8 oz. jars that can be tinted any color for about $3. Behr is also available with No-Voc’s.
Other brands have sample jars varying in size from 6-12 oz. but may not be available in flat finish.
We LOVE Benjamin Moore and highly recommend it. Many locations only offer this brand in a quart. However, just because you buy a quart, doesn’t mean you have to mix the whole quart. For most projects, we still recommend mixing just 8 oz. (1 cup) at a time.
If you are buying a quart, pick whatever brand you want, because they all have a flat-finish choice.
For optimal results, and to achieve all the wonderful properties of chalk/mineral paint, it is recommended to use a FLAT FINISH paint.
Any desired sheen can easily be achieved in the finishing/sealing stage.
BB Frösch Paint Transformer will help eggshell, semi-gloss and high-gloss paint bond, but the other chalk/mineral-paint features like distressibility will be compromised.
If you aren’t worried about distressibility, and simply want a high sheen paint that will bond, we recommend adding extra powder. You can double, or even triple, the amount of powder! This will increase bonding properties as well as other desirable properties of chalk/mineral paint.
6. Do I have to sand before painting?
The quick answer is NO. However, it’s not quite that simple. The awesome thing about chalk paint (this goes for the trademarked version, other pre-mixed versions, and paint mixed with BB Frösch) is that you don’t have to sand (or strip or prime) before painting. However, you do need to, at a minimum, clean your piece well. This is especially important for cabinets. We DO recommend sanding any surfaces that have peeling or chipping paint. You don’t have to sand all the way through to the underlying surface, but sand to at least smooth. If you want to see any beautiful wood grain that may be hidden underneath an existing paint job, you will of course need to remove existing finishes (paint, stain, etc.) by sanding or stripping.
7. How much paint/How many coats will my project require?
While we can’t say exactly how much paint you will use or how many coats it will take, we CAN tell you that you will use less paint and fewer coats than if you were using other types of paint. Typically, 1-3 coats.
A number of factors determine how much paint/how many coats you will need:
What color is your original surface?
What is the original surface made of?
How big is the project?
What color are you painting?
What technique and method of application are you using?
What is the final look you want to achieve?
8. What if my paint is too thick?
Chalk and mineral paints can thicken over time when exposed to air. To avoid thickening, store mixed paint in a tightly sealed plastic container. We don't recommend storing paint in a metal container because corrosion of the container can contaminate your paint. We also don’t recommend glass because, if you drop it and it breaks…yikes!
Depending on how much BB Frösch Paint Transformer is added during the mixing process, the resulting paint can become quite thick over time. Additionally, paint containing primer will also thicken when stored. NO WORRIES! Just gradually add water while stirring until the desired consistency is achieved.
9. Do I need a fancy brush?
The short answer is NO! Chalk and mineral paints can be applied with any application method including a roller or sprayer. Heck, you can even use your fingers if you want! However, to achieve all the techniques and finishes chalk and mineral paints are capable of achieving, BB Frösch brushes are a great choice! Features include:
Chisel-tipped bristles aid in self-leveling properties
Thick, oval brush head means less brush loading which cuts down on overall project time
Dense brush head means more paint on your piece and less paint absorbed into your brush
Wide ferrule and shorter bristle length aids in bristle stability which helps eliminate “flipping” of paint when painting in cross-hatch strokes. Bristle stability is essential for highly texted and grooved areas.
Shorter handle makes painting in tight areas easier
Designed to last years when treated with care. In fact, they get better with age!
If you prefer a synthetic brush, BB Frösch specialty paint and wax brushes now come in a synthetic version.
10. How do I avoid bristles in my paint?
New brushes should be conditioned before the first use to avoid bristles. It’s as simple as this: Wet your brush, then swirl it in BB Frösch Brush Conditioning Soap.
Rinse the brush, pulling the lather out until the water runs clear. Beat the bristled end of the brush against the edge of a counter or sink to loosen wayward bristles.
If a bristle does find it’s way onto your painted surface allow your paint to dry first, then try simply rubbing the bristle with your finger or a small piece of 400-grit sandpaper. The bristle should come off nicely without leaving a mark.
11. How do I avoid seeing brush strokes?
Some techniques utilize brush strokes to highlight the technique (two-color distress, for example.) So, brush strokes are not always a bad thing! Brush strokes are also more authentic for antiques and older pieces, so don’t be completely opposed to them.
However, if you don’t want to see brush strokes, there are a couple of steps you can take:
Use a specialty paint brush.
Kiss your brush with water before loading paint.
Paint initial strokes in cross-hatches. This will give subsequent coats of paint something to settle into. Painting with the grain on all coats can actually make strokes more visible. If you want to paint with the grain, just do so on the final strokes/coats.
If you absolutely want to avoid brush strokes at all costs, apply your paint with a sprayer. I prefer the Homeright Finishmax sprayer.
12. Do I have to Wax? Can I seal with Polyurethane? Or something besides wax?
All furniture and cabinets that have been painted with chalk or mineral paints should be sealed for protection. If not, water, distressing, oils, and dirt could damage the surface. I recommend sealing with BB Frösch Premium Finishing Wax. If you prefer an all-natural beeswax, BB Frösch Natural Finishing Wax is hands-down my favorite.
Though any paint sealer will work with chalk and mineral paint (polyurethane, polyacrylic, lacquer, etc.), we prefer wax for most chalk/mineral-painted projects because it is easy to apply, it dries and cures in minutes, and it can be more easily spot repaired is damage should occur.
13. Can I paint over a previously waxed or poly’d surface?
Absolutely! Make sure any chipping or peeling of the existing surface is removed or at least smoothed with sandpaper first. If the surface is particularly glossy, it helps to scuff it first with a coarse grit sandpaper. If the surface is a shiny wax surface, it helps to use mineral spirits to help take down the shine so paint can bond better. Lastly, add a little extra powder to your paint to aid in bonding to a previously finished surface.
14. How do I clean a waxed surface?
We recommend simply cleaning with a damp cloth. Mild cleaners like Greenworks also work well.
If you happen to remove or dull a waxed surface from cleaning with too strong of a cleaner, simply re-wax the affected area.
15. Do I have to re-wax over time?
Re-waxing is typically not necessary. If you find that a waxed surface has dulled over time, usually just buffing with a cloth will bring the shine back.
If wax becomes removed through weathering, heavy use or cleaning, re-waxing may be necessary. There is no need to strip the existing wax first—just apply, remove excess wax, and buff the same way you did with your original application.
16. What causes paint to lift and how do I avoid it?
Chalk/mineral paint has the amazing ability to be manipulated. One of the ways it can be manipulated is with water! Before paint is sealed, it can be removed by rubbing with a wet cloth or brush. This is highly desirable for several finishes and techniques including wet-distressing.
This means that, especially on more smooth surfaces (laminate, glass, tile, etc.), applying a second coat of paint can “lift” the first coat. Why? Because the stiffness of the brush bristles combined with newly introduced wet paint can re-activate underlying layers.
You can avoid this by making sure the first coat is fully dry. Even though chalk/mineral paint dries quickly, it can take up to a day to cure. For particularly smooth and less-porous surfaces, you may consider allowing the first coat to cure beyond the typical dry time. Additionally, when painting subsequent coats, be sure not to overwork your brush.
17. Can I paint laminate?
Paint mixed with BB Frösch Paint Transformer bonds with virtually any surface. including laminate. However, there are extra steps you can take to aid with bonding to particularly smooth or challenging surfaces like glass, laminate and metal.
For surfaces other than glass, scuff the surface a bit with sandpaper (60-100 grit works well.) You don’t have to sand through the entire surface, just scuff enough to give paint a little something to bond to.
Add additional powder in the mixing step–double the powder, even! The more powder, the more bonding.
Check out these two painted laminate projects:
18. What is bleed-through, and how do I avoid it?
Bleed-through is caused by tannins which are basically water or solvent that has been trapped within the wood at some point. This is more common with older pieces, but it doesn’t happen often. Unfortunately, there is no way to know ahead of time if tannins are present.
No amount of paint, regardless of brand, will cover it. Solutions include:
Sand through to just below the original surface. This can be done on just the areas where you see bleed-through—the whole piece doesn’t have to be sanded.
Use a product like Kilz over the area where you see the bleeding. This solution is much easier, but if you want to distress your finished work, you won’t be able to distress through to see the underlying wood.
Prior to painting, use a product like shellac or polyurethane over your piece. This solution is more of a preventative measure that many refinishers automatically use on antiques. It allows you to distress and see the underlying wood, but be sure to use water-based, not oil-based, or yellowing can occur.
19. Can I paint my cabinets?
GO FOR IT!
We recommend taking the Ultimate Guide to Painting Cabinets online workshop. In addition to valuable tips and tricks that will save on frustration while building confidence, you will learn several methods for painting and sealing so you can best decide which approach(es) meet your needs. All this in an online setting that will help make a project like this enjoyable and professional looking.
20. I feel overwhelmed trying to read every blog post under the sun. How can I get more in-depth instruction for my specific project?
We get it! We remember feeling the same way! We’ve written tutorials for everything from painting pianos to painting floors. But, it can be challenging to wade through all the info to get just what you need for your specific project. It’s one of the reasons we created BB Frösch University with several different courses for all things chalk/mineral painting.
We have several more courses in the works and coming soon.